Giancarlo De Carlo has been one of the most influential figures of the Italian architectural scene of the second half of the twentieth century. A protagonist of the architectural debate since the mid-1940s, De Carlo visited Urbino for the first time in 1951, invited by the dean of the university, the writer Carlo Bo, who, in the following year, commissioned him the renovation of the ancient seat of the atheneum in the historic center of the city.
In view of an economic boost of the city, the municipality and the university work together at a political project that places culture at this center, that means the strengthening of the university facilities. De Carlo gives shape to this purpose with a series of exceptional built works: The LawFaculty (1966-68), the La Pineta district (1967-69), the School of Education (1968-76), the Art Institute (1972) and Faculty of Economics (1989-2000).
抛开历史，在De Carlo Urbino的项目中，我们可以看到他从当年的欧洲建筑界中收集到的一系列投入，尤其是在他的材料使用方面：他的建筑量体现在使用混凝土，铁和玻璃，再加上乌尔比诺（Urbino）建筑传统的典型砖块。
Apart from the conservation interventions on the historic buildings of Urbino that De Carlo adapts to achieve new didactic spaces, outside of the ancient town, he builds new residential complexes in which we read a consistent dialogue with the past.
Leaving history aside, in De Carlo Urbino projects we perceive a series of inputs that he gathers from the european architectural scene of those years and that emerge, in particular, in his use of materials: his architectural volumes are characterised by the employ of concrete, iron and glass, combined with the typical bricks of Urbino’s building tradition.
Collegio del Colle is located in the hills of Urbino. The sloping terraces follow the land shapes. De Carlo tries the interpenetration between the shapes of architectural volume and the morphology of Urbino.
This group of building is mainly made of exposed bricks; the main structure and the cantilevered elements are made of reinforced concrete. Even if his architecture is a natural inclination of the hills, the materials he used underline their strong presence in the landscape.
ILAUD(或I.L.A.&U.D.)是国际建筑和城市设计实验室的缩写。1976年，由吉安卡洛·德卡洛(Giancarlo de Carlo)创立，创立了Team 10，至今已有27年历史。
ILAUD (or l.L.A. & U.D. International Laboratory ofArchitecture and Urban Design) is the acronym forInternational Laboratory of Architecture and UrbanDesign. Founded by Giancarlo De Carlo in 1976 onthe same concepts that led to the founding of TeamX. The laboratory in 27 years of existence hastradition.
丨ILAUD TEAM 10
ILAUD’s activities are: Research and design laboratories and seminars，Advisory to local authorities，Advanced training.
第二次世界大战后，由于第一届国际现代建筑协会（CIAM）逐渐僵化并变得不可持续，激起了Team 10对其的批判。Team 10一直致力于协会的改革，在1976年，由吉卡罗·德·卡洛（Giancarlo De Carlo）创建的国际建筑与城市设计实验室（ILAUD）继承了该小组的“充分考虑社会和个人特征”的观念。
After World War II, the inflexibility characterizing the first CIAM congresses soon becomeunsustainable, provoking the criticism of Team 10, active for a reform of thecongress. The participated discourse of the group, “considering the characteristics ofsociety and individuals”, would be inherited, years later, by the International Laboratoryof Architecture and Urban Design (ILAUD), founded by Giancarlo De Carlo in 1976.
The laboratory, together with the magazine Spazio e Società (1978-2001), called back to DeCarlo’s operative militancy in Team 10, expressing a brand-new approach to urban studies.
The laboratory strongly pushedon the dimension of the project and on the students’ collective contribution. The projectwas no more an end point but became the tool through which every possible solution to the problem could be tested. As De Carlo himself affirmed: “Some messages of Team 10 have been gathered in ILAUD but ILAUD and Team 10 are different things. ”
100th Anniversary of GDC
Giancarlo De Carlo and ILAUD
11月16日 —— 12月20日
Giancarlo De Carlo and ILAUDI中国首展，
希望通过ILAUD的经历，展示那些吉卡洛·德·卡洛（Giancarlo De Carlo）在建筑设计和建筑教育方面留下的宝贵财富的重要时刻。
Giancarlo De Carlo and ILAUDI China's first exhibition wants to catch the momentumpresenting the legacy of Giancarlo De Carlo’s works in both architectural design and architectural education thorough the ILAUD experience.
First, the participative process of architecture characterized by the construction and communication methods of the project; participation and reuse of the existing built environment; the relationship between urban landscapes and resources and, above all, the citizens. Second goal is to present the experience of ILAUD, which is based on a student-centered pedagogy approach. The aim is to introduce new ideas and practices, which can respond more appropriately to the requests raised by the new needs of a complex society in China and in the world.
We wants to consider the contribution of ILAUD to urban studies and didactics through the examination of the rich material (annual publications, posters, projects, photos, etc.) collected in the archive of the Biblioteca Poletti in Modena.
The aim is to point out how ILAUD represented a turning point in the formation of the post-CIAM generation and a certain reference for the architectural practices of the XXI century.
Courses at ILAUD were given by international professionals like Aldo Van Eyck, Peter Smithson, Renzo Piano, Sverre Fehn and Balkrishna Vithaldas Doshi, some already in Team 10. The laboratory formed many young students, and severalwould have become internationally-recognized professionals -e.g. Eric Miralles, Carme Pinos, Santiago Calatrava, Mario Cucinella.
丨ILAUD 嘉宾 Prof. Paolo Ceccarelli
Paolo Ceccarelli 教授
Prof. Paolo Ceccarelli
UNESCO Chair in “Urban and regional planning for local sustainable development”
Coordinator of the Mediterranean UNESCO Chairs Network(MUNCH)